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Amman Citadel

Amman citadel OverView 

Amman Citadel is a historical site at the centre of downtown AmmanJordan 

, It’s one of the seven mountains that originally made up Amman.

Evidence of occupation since the pottery Neolithic period found.

The Citadel of Amman is considered to be among the world’s oldest continuously inhabited places.

Citadel is considered an important site because it has had a long history of occupation by many great civilizations.

Most of the buildings still visible at the site are from the Roman, Byzantine, and Umayyad periods.

The major buildings at the site are the Temple of Hercules, a Byzantine church, and the Umayyad Palace.

Archaeologists have been working at the site since the 1920s, including Italian, BritishFrenchSpanish,

and Jordanian projects, but a great part of the Citadel remains unexcavated .

   Temple of Hercules 

Umayyad Palace

Colossal hand

Amman - Amman City Tour

The ruins of the Citadel

The citadel includes many ancient and beautiful monuments including:

1. Temple of Hercules

The temple is also call the Sacred Square, but most of its features  process with the succession of years,

leaving only two tall columns, two important witnesses to the commemoration of ancient history,

and the Emperor “Aurelius” built this temple in addition to building a statue of Heracles at the entrance to the temple,

Only six columns.

2. Umayyad Palace

The Umayyad palace is located in the northern part of the Castle Mountain, dating back to the 6th or 7th century AD (730 AD).

the citadel consists of three different parts. Historical books recall that the palace built on ancient Roman foundations.

3. Byzantine church

The church founded in the sixth century AD in AD 550 AD, a Byzantine archaeological church.

it contains traces of civilizations that have followed the region for thousands of years.

4. Jordan Archaeological Museum

was built on the top of the Citadel in 1951, showing many artefacts discovered during excavations in all areas of Jordan.

The building designed by British architect Austin Harrison, who designed the building of the Palestinian Museum in

Jerusalem. The museum covers about 550 square meters.

There are a number of rare archaeological artefacts in the Jordanian Archeological Museum, including:

  • The statues of Ain Ghazal dating back to the Neolithic period discovered in 1985 coincidentally during the construction of a road in the region of Ain Ghazal.

  • The copper file, one of the Dead Sea Scrolls, discovered by a boy grazing sheep during his search for his sheep in Khirbet Qamaran Cave

  • – The statue of the Tiki Amman discovered in 1956 during the processing of the museum garden at the Citadel.

  • Pottery coffins similar to Pharaonic coffins were discovered at Jabal Al Qusoor in Amman, and date back to the Iron Age and have a human head cover, in addition to many rare artefacts.