It’s one of the seven mountains that originally made up Amman.
Evidence of occupation since the pottery Neolithic period has been found. Jordan Tour
The Citadel of Amman is considered to be among the world’s oldest continuously inhabited places.
Citadel is considered an important site because it has had a long history of occupation by many great civilizations.
Most of the buildings still visible at the site are from the Roman, Byzantine, and Umayyad periods.
The major buildings at the site are the Temple of Hercules, a Byzantine church, and the Umayyad Palace.
Archaeologists have been working at the site since the 1920s, including Italian, British, French, Spanish,
and Jordanian projects, but a great part of the Citadel remains unexcavated.
Temple of Hercules Umayyad Palace
The ruins of the Citadel
The citadel includes many ancient and beautiful monuments including:
1. Temple of Hercules
The temple is also called the Sacred Square, but most of its features have been processed with the succession of years,
leaving only two tall columns, two important witnesses to the commemoration of ancient history,
and the Emperor “Aurelius” built this temple in addition to building a statue of Heracles at the entrance to the temple,
Only six columns.
2. Umayyad Palace
The Umayyad palace is located in the northern part of the Castle Mountain, dating back to the 6th or 7th century AD (730 AD).
the citadel consists of three different parts. Historical books recall that the palace built on ancient Roman foundations.
3. Byzantine church
The church founded in the sixth century AD in AD 550 AD, a Byzantine archaeological church.
it contains traces of civilizations that have followed the region for thousands of years.
4. Jordan Archaeological Museum
was built on the top of the Citadel in 1951, showing many artifacts discovered during excavations in all areas of Jordan.
The building designed by British architect Austin Harrison, who designed the building of the Palestinian Museum in
Jerusalem. The museum covers about 550 square meters.
There are a number of rare archeological artifacts in the Jordanian Archeological Museum, including:
- The statues of Ain Ghazal dating back to the Neolithic period discovered in 1985 coincidentally during the construction of a road in the region of Ain Ghazal.
- The copper file, one of the Dead Sea Scrolls, discovered by a boy grazing sheep during his search for his sheep in Khirbet Qamaran Cave
- – The statue of the Tiki Amman discovered in 1956 during the processing of the museum garden at the Citadel.
- Pottery coffins similar to Pharaonic coffins were discovered at Jabal Al Qusoor in Amman, and date back to the Iron Age and have a human head cover, in addition to many rare artifacts.
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