once accessible by branches of the King’s Highway and situated in the semi-arid steppe region of the Jordanian Desert.
The site allied to the biblical settlement of Mephaat mentioned in the Book of Jeremiah. Jordan Tour
The Roman military utilized the site as a strategic garrison, but later converted and Jordan Tour
inhabited by Christian and Islamic communities.
In 2004, the site inscribe as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is value by archaeologists for its
extensive ruins dating to the Roman, Byzantine, and early Muslim periods.
history of Umm ar-Rasas
Particularly during the epochs of the Early Bronze Age III-IV, Iron Age II, and Roman-Byzantine eras,
dense populations inhabited the topographical regions beyond the western banks of the Dead Sea.
Among these ancient settlements, the site of Mephaat has been mentioned in biblical texts as one of the cities
upon the plateau to condemn to great destruction (Jeremiah 48:21).
Many branches of the King’s Highway provided a means for reaching the more remote ancient cities,
but the main route served as the forerunner for the Via Traiana Nova built by the Roman Emperor Trajan (53-117 A.D.)
The main attraction, though, lies outside the city walls: it is the newly unearthed Church of St.
Stephen with its perfectly preserved remarkable mosaic floor, the largest one in Jordan.Umm ar-Rasas
It contains the images and portraits of 27 Old and New Testament cities of the Holy Land from
both east and west of the Jordan River and of Egypt, making it a discovery second only to the Mosaic Map of Madaba.
mosaic of Umm ar-Rasas
The most important discovery on the site was the mosaic floor of the Church of St Stephen.
It made in 785 (discovered after 1986). The perfectly preserved mosaic floor is the largest one in Jordan.
On the central panel, hunting and fishing scenes are depict, while another panel illustrates the most
Belemounta (Ma’an), Areopolis (Ar-Rabba), Charac Moab (Karak), Jerusalem, Nablus, Caesarea, and Gaza. and
The frame of the mosaic is especially decorative. in addition to